Work Rules for Breaks

This means that working time includes all the time that the employee must spend at the employer`s premises. This includes the time before or after the normal shift required to complete the job. If the employee eats his meal while he is responsible for work activities, the employer must pay the employee for the break. Last April, an Oregon health facility filed a lawsuit with the federal court system to overturn the state`s detailed rules regarding meals and breaks. This is an attempt to avoid nearly $100 million in fines due to ongoing violations of employees` food and rest rights dating back to 2015. Applies to all employers. Meal times are required when employees are not entitled to the necessary breaks and/or are not allowed to have lunch while working. Domestic workers have separate termination rights. These are included in the Domestic Workers Bill of Rights. Workers under the age of 18 may not work continuously for more than 5 hours without a break of at least 30 minutes.

Not keeping track of breaks or lunches properly is a common violation of off-hours work and can be very costly. This exposes you to a lawsuit, DOL penalties, and stifles your employee`s creativity. All of this will affect your bottom line. Applicable to retail and services, food and beverage, business support services, and health and medical industries. Exempts administrative employees, executives/supervisors, professionals, field staff, elected officials and their staff, escorts, casual babysitters and domestic workers employed by households or family members to perform tasks in private homes, property managers, interstate drivers, driving assistants, shippers or mechanics of motor transport companies, taxi drivers and bona fide volunteers. Also excluded are: students employed by sororities, fraternities, university clubs or dormitories, and students employed in an internship program, and employees working in non-profit laundries who do not pay workers and inmates, or patient workers working in institutional laundries. When it comes to rest and lunch breaks, managers can easily assume that a few minutes here and there won`t make a difference. Michigan requires underage employees to have at least 30 consecutive minutes or more for every 5 hours worked. At least 20 minutes, no later than 5 hours after the start of working hours, for employees who work 7 1/2 continuous hours or more. 1/2 hour at some point after the first 2 hours and before the last 2 hours for employees who work 7 1/2 consecutive hours or more. Lunch break: 30 minutes for employees working 5+ hours. If the break is duty-free, it is not paid.

However, if a « duty free » meal is not possible, the employee may have a « service » meal, in which case the employee must be paid. There is no federal law requiring businesses to offer breaks during work hours for meals or other purposes. In addition, this time must be used in total to determine whether the employee has worked overtime. The rest day requirements allow employees to work more than 6 consecutive days, provided that the consecutive days turn into another work week. The only exception is for underage employees. Workers under the age of 16 must be given a 30-minute break if they work 5 hours or more. Does not apply to workplaces where fewer than 3 workers are on duty at the same time and where the nature of the work allows these workers to take frequent paid breaks during the workday. Does not apply where collective bargaining or other written employer-employee agreements provide otherwise.

Hotel room employees may not need to work during a break. The break area must be equipped with adequate seating and tables in a clean and comfortable environment. Drinking water must be provided free of charge. The employer must keep complete and accurate records of break times. Federal guidelines on lunch breaks are thin, if at all. However, state laws on paid and unpaid work breaks vary. Employers must provide employees with meal breaks and breaks. 1 hour, if the working time is more than 5 consecutive hours, begins after the end of the 2nd but before the start of the 6th consecutive working hour, unless the working day is completed in 6 hours or less, the meal time may be cancelled. An employer may not employ an employee during a work period of more than 10 hours per day without providing him with a second meal, except that if the total working time does not exceed 12 hours, the second meal may be cancelled if the first meal has not been cancelled.

If a shift lasts more than 10 hours, a second 30-minute rest period must be scheduled. If a total of 12 hours or less are worked in a day, this second meal break can be cancelled, but only if the first meal was not missed. Small break: 30 minutes for employees under 18 for every 5 consecutive hours of work. The Industrial Welfare Commission may issue work orders authorizing the commencement of a meal after 6 hours of work if the Commission determines that the order is consistent with the health and welfare of the workers concerned. In addition, the State requires reasonable accommodation for the pregnancy of a female worker and for nursing mothers. Breastfeeding mothers must have adequate breaks and a room to express their breast milk. The location cannot be a toilet stall. 1/2 hour for employees who must work 6 consecutive hours or more. The lunch break should not be scheduled during or before the first hour of the scheduled work activity. Reasonable absence time, normally 1/2 hour, but shorter time allowed under special conditions between the 3rd and 5th hour of work. Not counted as working time.

Coffee breaks and snacks are not included in meal times. In addition, meal breaks must be staggered to no later than 5 hours, but must not be scheduled in 5-hour increments.